The social psychology of women and men in the Soviet zone of occupation was marked by the crime of rape from the first days of occupation, through the founding of the GDR in the fall of 1949, until—one could argue—the present. A girl's been turned into a woman, a woman turned into a corpse. Citing the work of a Japanese historian alongside this suggestion, Huntington writes that Japanese women who begged for food "were raped and soldiers sometimes left food for those they raped." Many rapes were committed under the effects of alcohol or post-traumatic stress, but some cases of premeditated attacks, like the attempted rape of two local girls at gunpoint by two soldiers in the village of Oyle, near Nienburg, which ended in the death of one of the women when, whether intentionally or not, one of the soldiers discharged his gun, hitting her in the neck, as well as the reported assault on three German women in the town of Neustadt am Rübenberge.West Berliners and women of the wartime generation refer to the Soviet War Memorial in Treptower Park, Berlin, as the "tomb of the unknown rapist" in response to the mass rapes by Red Army soldiers in the years following 1945. On a single day in mid-April 1945, three women in Neustadt were raped by British soldiers.He said crimes such as acts of sexual assault are inevitable parts of war, and that soldiers in other Allied armies committed them. Decades had to pass until I started feeling pity for them.Makhmut Gareev states that he had not even heard about sexual violence. As most women recoiled from their experiences and had no desire to recount them, most biographies and depictions of the period, like the German film Downfall, alluded to mass rape by the Red Army but stopped shy of mentioning it explicitly.Hannelore Kohl, the wife of former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, had been gang-raped at age 12 by Soviet soldiers in May 1945, according to her biographer. A moaning by the walls, half muffled: the mother's wounded, half alive. One author quotes a senior British Army chaplain as reporting that there was "a good deal of rape going on", but adds that this probably referred to attacks by former slave labourers seeking revenge." French troops took part in the invasion of Germany, and France was assigned an occupation zone in Germany.As a consequence, she sustained a serious lifelong back injury after being thrown out of a first-floor window. Perry Biddiscombe quotes the original survey estimates that the French for instance committed "385 rapes in the Constance area; 600 in Bruchsal; and 500 in Freudenstadt." though they mention rape, found no specific occurrences in either Höfingen or Leonberg compared to other towns.He said that "instances of cruelty, including sexual, occurred", and that they "simply could not be absent after what the Nazis did" in the USSR. But after three days one could be court-martialed for doing this. I remember one raped German woman laying naked, with hand grenade between her legs. As time has progressed more works have been produced that have directly addressed the issue, such as the books The 158-Pound Marriage and My Story (1961) by Gemma La Guardia Gluck [reissued as Fiorello's Sister: Gemma La Guardia Gluck's Story (Religion, Theology, and the Holocaust) (2007, Expanded Edition)], The first autobiographical work depicting the events was the groundbreaking 1954 book A Woman in Berlin, which was made into a 2008 feature film.He also claims that "such cases were strongly suppressed and punished," and that "they did not become widespread." He notes that the Soviet military leadership signed an executive order on 19 January 1945 that demanded the prevention of cruel treatment of the local population. When we occupied every town, we had first three days for looting and ... Now I feel shame, but I did not feel shame back then... We hated to see their clean undamaged white houses. It was widely rejected in Germany after its initial publication but has seen a new acceptance and many women have found inspiration to come forward with their own stories.
He notes that the German Army probably committed tens of thousands of rapes on the Eastern Front, but that murder was the more typical crime for them.
According to Antony Beevor revenge was not the only reason for the frequent rapes; but the Soviet troops' feeling of entitlement to all types of spoils of war, including women, was an important factor as well.
Beevor exemplifies this with his discovery that Soviet troops also raped Soviet and Polish girls and women that were liberated from Nazi concentration camps as well as those who were held for forced labor at farms and factories.
She had been suffering long and serious illnesses that experts thought of as the consequence of childhood trauma. According to Norman Naimark, French Moroccan troops matched the behavior of Soviet troops when it came to rape, in particular in the early occupation of Baden and Württemberg, providing the numbers are correct.
or, until relatively recently, ignored by academics, with the prevailing attitude being that the Germans were the perpetrators of war crimes, Soviet writings speaking only of Russian liberation and German guilt, and Western historians concentrating on the details of the Holocaust.
The wartime rapes had been surrounded by decades of silence.