Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet.
The Kathmandu Valley in central Nepal became known as Nepal proper because of its complex urban civilisation.
Up to 50 places are being made available for women this year.
For Nepal's young women, many of whom are forced into early marriage by their parents, the opportunity to sign up is a dream come true.
It was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala.
The highest elevation in Nepal is Mount Everest, Earth's highest mountain, rising 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.
Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs in 19.
Now, for the first time, recruitment has been opened to Nepalese women after Derek Twigg, Britain's junior defence minister, announced that Gurkhas would in future be covered by rules on sexual discrimination in the workplace."It is harder than ever to become a Gurkha because the educational bar has been raised."These women work as porters climbing the Himalayas.Bordering China in the north and India in the south, east, and west, it is the largest sovereign Himalayan state.She must have no more than two fillings and two gaps in her teeth, have perfect hearing and sight, and be capable of good conversational English.During a three-week assessment, only those recruits who are fit enough to run three miles up the steep foothills of the Himalayas, while carrying 50 lb of rocks on their backs, will be deemed worthy of joining the army.
Modern Nepal is a federal secular parliamentary republic. Nepal is a developing nation, ranking 144th on the Human Development Index (HDI) in 2016.